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Forum Home > General Discussion > FCI Nr.55 PULI Standard: (ENG)

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ORIGIN: Hungary

Preliminary Remark:

Eachcountry bears responsibility for their own breeds. It is understandabletherefore, that it is expected of us worldwide to mould our own breedsand to determine breeding trends. Being the owner of a breed –especially of one as popular as the puli – puts enormous responsibilityon the breeders, as well as all those who take part in the formation ofthe breed. In the same way, on the judges too, as the acknowledgedindividual dogs of breed inspections and shows will become thedetermining pulis within breeding circles. If judging is realistic,professionally sound and evaluation covers as many significant aspectsas possible, by favoring the truly outstanding specimens, we can expectthe constant evolution of the breed.

UTILISATION: Herding dog.



a) Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs

b) Section: Sheepdogs without working trial


BriefHistorical Summary: The Puli is a Hungarian herding breed of Asiaticorigin. His original ancestors most probably came to the CarpathianBasin with the migrating ancient Magyars, who lived as nomads onstockbreeding.

General Characteristics:

AncientHungarian herding breed of medium size, lively temperament extremelyable to learn. Of strong constitution, finely boned, of lean muscularbody. The body length is equal to the height at the withers; the limbsand the spine form a square.

Theconstruction of the individual body parts is difficult to judge as astrongly developed coat covers the whole body tending to form tasselsand cords. A dense “umbrella” of hair covers the eyes, thus the headappears round. The profusely coated tail, curled forward over the back,gives the appearance of the topline rising slightly. The various partsof the limbs are difficult to separate, therefore the proportions andthe angles are more practical to judge in movement.

In future judging of pulis will take place on a table.

GeneralAppearance: Dog of medium size with strong constitution, square buildand fine, but not too light bones. The lean body is well muscled allover. The construction of the individual body parts is difficult tojudge; as a strongly developed coat covers the whole body tending toform curls and cords. It is therefore useful to feel the dog whenjudging. The coat on the head is so profuse that the head appears roundand the eyes are shielded. The profusely coated tail, curled forwardover the back, gives the appearance of the topline rising slightlytowards the rear.

Important proportions:


Body length/torso 1/1

Muzzle/head length: 3.5/10

Depth of chest/height at withers: 4.5/10

Width of chest/height at withers: 3.3/10

Girdle/height at withers: 12.5/10

Length of ears/length of head: 5.2/10

Behaviour and Temperament: Of lively temperament, extremely able to learn. His present shape is the result of sport breeding.

Head: Seen from the front: round, seen from the side: elliptical.

Skull: well proportioned, fine, domed. Superciliary ridges strongly developed.

Stop: slightly arched

Nose: rather small, black

Snout: not pointed; bridge of nose straight

Lips: taut, with dark pigmentation

Jaws/teeth: Complete according to the dentition formula with scissor bite

Eyes:medium size, dark brown, oval with lively, intelligent expression, setmedium wide apart. Rims of lids close fitting to the eyeball and wellpigmented.

Ears: broad based set on at medium height. Pendant leathers V-shaped with rounded tips.

Neck: Of medium length, taut, muscled. Forms 45-degree angle with the horizontal. Covered by dense coat.



Theskull is small and fine. As seen from the front it seems round, fromthe side appears elliptical. Principally it can be compared to a ballof yarn. The bitch’s head is somewhat of finer line; the dog’s slightlyrougher, but not coarse.

Theneck is set at a 45-degree angle with the horizontal; any deviance frommid-height setting is considered a fault. The puli with a lower necksetting angle hangs its head and is always close to the ground. A neckset too high or too low results in reduced movement capacity. A tooshort or too long neck also constitutes a fault. The puli’s neck isideal if, under the coat cover it cannot be differentiated from theline of the trunk.



Thesnout is short, one third of the length of the head. The length of thesnout should be measured from the snout ridge to the tip of the nose.The longer it is, the more severe the fault. Up until 40% of the lengthof the head the classification is still “excellent”, above this it isreduced.

Superciliary ridges strongly pronounced.

Stop line is slightly arched.

Bridge of nose straight.

Noseis relatively small, is not pointed and is black in all colourvariations of puli. In case of black, masked-fawn (fakó) and grey pulisa deep black nose is a natural requirement. Pigmentation in case ofwhite pulis is judged somewhat more leniently.

Teethare with scissor bite, complete (i.e complete with scissor bite). Incase the teeth are irregular, the basic classification is reduced byone grade. Carp and pike-bites are, in case of pulis, faults resultingin exclusion from breeding. Under the age of five, pincer bite isconsidered a fault. In cases where the two middle I1 teeth lean out ofthe curve and the upper teeth bite onto these, it is not considered afault. With one P1 missing an „excellent“ can be awarded, but notchampion title, with two P1-s missing only „very good“. If three of allP1-s are missing only „good“ classification can be given. In case P2,P3 or P4, perhaps M1, M2 teeth are missing the puli can also onlyreceive a „good“ classification. Lack of M3 tooth is not a seriousfault, but in awarding a champion title it is to be definitelyconsidered as a differenciating factor.

Lips are taut and black in all color variations of puli. The deeply pigmented lip rim and palate influence judgement favourably.

Eyesare dark, coffee brown colour of slightly narrowing cut with lively,intelligent expression. The iris is to be as dark as possible.Medium-brown or dark-brown eyes are classified "excellent". In case oflighter eye colour and eyes set too close "very good" classificationcan be given. Yellow eyes are a serious fault, only "satisfactory"classification can be earned. Round, big eyes are usually accompaniedby a rough nose and head which is not desirable, but can possiblyachieve a „very good“ classifiaction. The rims of lids are closefitting and black in all color variations of puli. Loose eyelids are anindication of a general loose constitution, which is definitelyhereditary, a serious fault, only a „good“classifiaction can be given.

Earsare broad based, set on at medium height. Their base can be felt in theline of the lesser canthus. The pendant leathers are V-shaped withrounded tips with pronounced downward trend. The rim of the leathersmust reach at least to lesser canthus. In ideal cases ears do not moveeven in excitement and do not twist back. Ears set too high, and thesnout being longer than desirable result in the loss of the harmony andunique character of the head. These are faults that must be penalizedduring judgement. Ears set on slightly high can be awarded „very good“,high set, light, short, furthermore mobile ears can be given a „good“classification.



May 24, 2010 at 10:23 AM Flag Quote & Reply

Posts: 12

Body: Topline straight, giving impression of slightly rising towards the rear because of tail carriage.

Withers: Only slightly projecting from the topline.

Back: Of medium length, straight, tight and muscular

Loin: Strongly muscled, short

Croup: Short, slightly sloping

Chest: deep, long, medium arched

Underline: Gradually rising towards the rear

Tail:Set on at medium height and is carried under all circumstances in atight curl over the croup and covered by dense coat. When stretchedout, it reaches to the hocks.



Thepuli’s body is characteristically quadratic: height at withers equalslength of torso. In case of dogs this is to be judged very strictly. Inbitches a +5% deviance in the proportion of torso length to height atwithers is acceptable, a higher deviation can result in maximum “verygood” classification. The truly square, or as often referred to as“quadratic”, fully developed individual dogs are practically squareshaped even in puppy hood – they are short and wide.

Acommon fault is an elongated torso. Usually the loin area is longerthan should be, this, combined with binding problems often results in asnake-like gait. Observing the topline from above immediately revealsthe fault. Determining the torso length of the puli is not an easytask; it requires feeling and lots of practice. When feeling, alwayslook for the tip of the shoulder, as this is the starting point formeasuring the body length of a puli. In case of dogs with full coats anotherwise short body can be made to seem longer by the dense chest coat!


Ideal withers only rise slightly above the topline but is perceptible.

The back is tight, of medium length.

The loin is very strongly muscled.

The croup is slightly sloping, short (not heavily sloping). This makes the most economical transmission of power possible.

The underline gradually rises towards the rear.

Thetail is set at medium height, is tightly curled onto the croup. Whenstretched out it reaches to the hocks. Short tails are hereditarytherefore during judging it definitely has to be considered as adifferentiating aspect when awarding titles. The puli can be awarded an“excellent” classification if the tail falls towards the loin, istightly closed onto the sides or is curled into a circle onto thetopline. A puli with a sickle shaped tail can only receive a “good”classification. Tail carriage that is closed at all times is desirable.Uncertain tail carriage is a serious fault. If the dog shown hangs itstail throughout the judging process and does not raise it for a shortperiod even in movement, it can maximum be classified “very good”. Tailcarriage of the puli is to be considered a mark of the breed. A tailcurled over the croup or resting on the loins is a requirement underall circumstances, similarly in the ring too!



Thechest is moderately arched, deep and long. A barrel chest results in areeling movement and narrow, empty cardiac region. A dog with a chestnot arched enough has its forelegs set too close to each other, itswhole body is narrower than desired. Naturally it classifies as aconstitutional abnormality.




Shoulder:the shoulder blades are sloped and tightly fitting to the brisket. Theangle between the shoulder blade and the upper arm is 90 degrees.

Upper arm: Medium long, well muscled

Elbows: Lying closely to the brisket. The angle between the upper arm and lower arm is 120-130 degrees.

Lower arm: long and straight with dry muscles.

Forefeet: short,rounded, closed. Nails are black or dark slate grey. Pads are dark incolour and springy. Feet are parallel set medium wide apart.



Theforefeet stand medium wide apart and parallel. The shoulder blade fitstightly to the brisket. The tips of the shoulders are in line with thebrisket. The shoulder blades are at 90-degree angles to the upper arm.Upper arm is of medium length, muscular and is parallel with thelongitudinal axis of the torso. Elbows close closely to the brisket.Lower arms are at 120-130 degree angle to the upper arm. The lower armis long and straight, lean muscled. The paws are short, round, tightand closed. The nails are black or slate grey. The pads are dark andspringy.



Thelegs are medium wide apart and parallel. The angle between the pelvisand the upper thigh is approx. 90 degrees. Angulation of stifle jointis 100 to 110 degrees.

Upper thigh and forearm: long and well muscled

Hock: Dry, clean cut

Metatarsus: short

Hind feet: a little longer than front feet and closed

Gait/Movement: very lively and spirited. Steps short, sprint fast, extremely nimble. The gait is often typically mincing.



Thehind legs are also medium wide apart and parallel. The upper thigh andthe forearms are long and richly muscled. The pelvis forms a 90-degreeangle with the upper thighbone. The thighbone forms a 100-110 degreeangle with the tibia. Hock is lean, metatarsus is short. The joints areneat and dry. The back paws are slightly flatter than front. The nailsare also dark slate grey or black. The pads are springy and dark.


Thepuli’s movement is minced, bouncy and lively. This kind of movement isonly possible with regular and well-muscled limbs. Any form ofirregular limb position will result in wasted energy.

Skin: Devoid of wrinkles, tight, with dark pigment. Bare skin is black or dark slate grey in all colour variations.

Coat: Puppycoat is dense, wavy or curly. With time forms tassels, later tightstructured cords or ribbons. The coat consists of a coarser topcoat anda finer undercoat. The relation of these two types of hair determinesthe character of the coat. In cases where the topcoat greatlypredominates the finer undercoat, the coat structure is withoutcharacter, open structured. Too predominant soft undercoat results in acoat structure that is matted, is of too soft texture and difficult togroom. The correct proportion between the two types of hair, which isgenetically fixed, produces the aesthetical tassels or cords, which areeasy to groom.

The length of the coat is longest at the loinsand the croup, shortest on the head and limbs. The coat on the head isideal when the hair forms a strong structure of cords covering the eyesand facial region.

Both a combed out and a neglected, tousled coat are undesirable.


Thecoat is a special feature of the breed. The coat develops throughdifferent stages from the wavy, curly structure of puppy hood to thefelty structure of tassels and cords of adulthood. The proportion ofovercoat and soft undercoat determines the character of the coat. Thisis genetically fixed. Coats that are corded, of corded character orthin tasselled are desirable. “Excellent” classification can only begiven to pulis in full, homogeneous coat with a well-structuredcovering of the facial region/head. At breed inspections a scanty,ragged coat is acceptable if the quality of the coat structure can beestablished by feeling it. Deficient head cover, worn hair on the chestor withers can only be awarded a “very good” classification. Anoccurring fault in case of the whole coat is an open structured coat onthe withers and the head, which must be taken into consideration whenawarding a champion title. A puli with hair chewn off its feet, canalso only get a “very good”. A dog with unkempt hair can also not beclassified as “excellent”.


Well pigmented, slate grey coloured. Can be easily  judged on the underside or on the back.



a) Black

b) Black with a few rusty or grey shadings

c) Fawn (fakó) with a distinct black mask around the muzzle

d) Grey

e) Pearl white without any shade of sandy colour


A white patch of maximum 3 cm in diameter is acceptable on the brisket.

White markings between the toes does not classify as a fault.

Any other colouring or markings are to be considered a fault.



Inthe case of black colour we look for as deep a black shade as possible,but rusty shades are a natural characteristic of pulis and cannot beconsidered a fault. A white patch of maximum 5 cms in diameter on thebrisket is acceptable, but such a dog cannot be a champion as this ishereditary.

In case of white pulis a sandy shade is unacceptable and is cause for elimination from being bred.

Incase of masked fawn (fakó) colours we can come across dogs of variousshades but in all cases the dark mask around the muzzle is desirable.

Greycolour is extremely rare. An ashen, silvery shade only develops at alater stage in the ontogenesis of the individual dog. It can happen,that the grey character comes through at 7-8 weeks of age. Generally itis at 4-5 months, or at one year of age when the greying process firmlycommences. The truly grey puli will have become totally grey by 1-1.5years of age, therefore pulis born and registered as black can only beofficially reclassified to grey at breed inspections up until the ageof 18 months.


Size and weight:

Height at withers:

Dogs: 41-43-cm. Permissible size domain 39-45 cm

Bitches: 38-40-cm. Permissible size domain 36-42 cm



Anexperienced judge can judge the height of a puli with almost absolutecertainty. In extreme, doubtful cases however, it is advisable tomeasure. In the judging process the height domain as laid down in thestandard must be strictly observed. The “dwarfing” of the puli cannotbe an aim, neither making it taller. In judging dogs below and abovethe size laid down in the standard, in aid of homogeneity, should bedowngraded. In case of dogs, the desired, ideal size is 41-43 cm, incase of bitches 38-40. In case of dogs the ideal average size is arequirement of “excellent I” classification. The puli reaches fullheight at the age of 9 months, therefore even in junior classes andbreed inspections the ideal height is desirable.



Dogs: 13-14 kg

Bitches: 10-13 kg


Faults:Any departure form the foregoing points should be considered a faultand the seriousness with which the fault is regarded should be in exactproportion to tis degree.


Eliminating faults:

· Short, open coat

· Hanging, or sickle shaped tail carriage

· Faults in colour, undesired markings and patches

· Over- or undershot bite of more than 2mm, wry mouth

· More than 2 P1 missing or absence of any other tooth except M3-s.

· Size deviating from the limits mentioned in the standard.

Eliminating faults:

As per the standard:

-Yellow coloured eyes

-Over- or undershot bite

-More than two P1-s or any P2, 3, 4 or M1, M2 teeth missing

-Sickle shape or straight tail carriage

-Size deviating from the limits mentioned in the standard

-Short, open structured, smooth coat

-Faults in colour (pale, black and tan) and patchiness

Anydeparture form the foregoing points should be considered a fault andthe seriousness with which the fault is regarded should be in exactproportion to tis degree.

NB. Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


May 24, 2010 at 10:50 AM Flag Quote & Reply

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